The rebozo is a tradition and one of the most representative accessories of San Luis Potosí (and all Mexican culture), since pre-Hispanic times.
San Luis Potosí is a place where you can find rebozos of different designs and colors. Today we’re going to talk to you a little bit about the outlines of Santa Maria del Río.
Santa Maria del Rio is located very close to the capital, and is a place full of huge houses, vergels and perfectly temperate climate. In fact, at the entrance of this town we can see an advertisement that says “Maria del Río, cradle of the rebozo”. Since there have been the finest overflows that have ever existed.
Even some of them have won national and international awards.
One of the most recognized overflows in the world was born here, the overflowing “Bolita”.
We have to say that the batter has become a symbol of Mexican culture and the use we give it is of the most varied.
Mainly among the village women we can see that for a long time they have been using it as a crib, christening cloth, handkerchief, purse and coat. Even Ottoman women used to wet the tip of the batter in the water of a fountain to remember their beloved.
But also the battering were and have been occupied by rich people, as there are also very fine ones. High society women generally had them placed on demand.
Difference between "rebozo" and "Chalina".
The chalina always has a single color, while the rebozo have more than one color and you also have a drawing.
During the time of the revolution. It was very difficult to get the silk so they began to use a silk called “catiteo” and later the “Italian”. However, they now make them with a synthetic silk called “artícela” as it is cheaper and easier to get.
By that time natural elements used to be able to dye the fabrics, usually the indigo stones, or the lichens and sticks to give them aromas, in the case of the “smell” batter.They also occupied the dye of iron, rattle, lightstones and piloncillo.
Manufacture of the rebozos.
The Otomíes are those who began to weave and dye the batter, from a technique called “tied”, the reality is that the way the battering has not changed much since that time.
This tradition of weaving battering has passed from generation to generation, and from process to process.The Ottomans implemented the ikat technique in which the threads are tied and grouped, but there is also the waist loom and a wide variety of strokes, sizes and figures on it.
Since it is here one of the few places in Mexico where it is still knitted in waist loom, this being a family tradition.Usually each craftsman makes his overflows from start to finish, only the fabric of the tips do the empointers, who are experts in this work.